Energy storage technology: solid-state batteries

In the context of advanced solid-state batteries, the absence of mass is manifested in the form of atomic vacancies.   Our recent work demonstrates the deliberate and controlled creation of Li-ion vacancies, in garnet-based crystal structures, is key in demonstrating fast-ion conductivity at room temperature.   This ceramic material conducts ions as fast as state-of-the-art liquid Li-ion electrolyte membranes, perhaps enabling advanced solid-state batteries (Figure).


Biomedical technology: therapies for nerve repair

After traumatic injury, the nervous system is not capable of spontaneous repair.   Once severed, electronic impulse carrying axons require interventional technology to recapitulate native nerve tracts.  In the context of nerve repair technology, the absence of mass is manifested in the form of macroscopic open linear channels to guide nerves and nano-dimensional pores to deliver nerve growth factors to stimulate growth (Figure).




  1. Advanced Project Research Agency-Energy – Solid Power Inc. “An Ultra High Energy Density, Safe, and Low-cost All Solid-state Rechargeable Battery
  2. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy: “Solid electrolytes for solid-state and lithium-sulfur batteries”
  3. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy -Oak Ridge National Laboratory “Mechanical Properties at the Protected Lithium Interface”
  4. National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Biomedical Engineering Imaging and Bioengineering – R01 “Bioengineered scaffolds for spinal cord repair”
  5. Ford Motor Company, University Research Program – “Highly Ordered Hierarchical Electrodes for Lithium-Ion Cells for Improved Performance, Safety and Charge Acceptance in Electric Vehicles”
  6. Toyota – “Research on mechanical behavior of Li-ion conducting solid electrolytes during Li cycling”
  7. University of Michigan Energy Institute – “Superionic conducting oxide membranes enabling beyond Li-ion batteries”
  8. Veterans Administration – “A Biological Interface for Auditory Rehabilitation with a Cochlear Implant”